Infertility is not a condition that pertains to females alone. But this is the general misconception about infertility even today. It is highly important to know that men account for 50% of infertility and also research studies point out that the sperm count of normal Indian adult has reduced from 60 million/ml 30 years ago to 20 million/ml. Several advanced techniques are available to help men overcome infertility and attain fatherhood. Men should shun their inhibitions and consult a fertility specialist/andrologist if they have any issues.  

According to research, fertility in men below 30 years has reduced by 15% worldwide which is a worrisome trend. So, the message for men is crystal clear:  Don’t deny or delay. The earlier the intervention, the better the management and treatment of infertility.  

Lifestyle and Male Infertility:

  1. Foods and Male Fertility: 

The food we eat can have a positive or negative impact on fertility. An NCBI research indicates that a high intake of aerated and sweet drinks, red and processed meat, and poor consumption of fish, nuts, vegetables, etc. affects male fertility negatively. Hence, it is important for men to have a balanced diet comprising of seafood, low-fat dairy products, whole grains, and vegetables.  

  1. Diabetes and Male Fertility: 

Diabetes can affect sperm motility, sperm DNA integrity and has a deleterious effect on sexual functions according to NCBI research. Proper management of blood sugar levels, weight reduction, and a healthy lifestyle can improve fertility.  

  1. Obesity and Male Fertility: 

Obesity can affect sperm count, and morphology and cause alterations in sperm DNA. Also, the majority of obese men face erectile dysfunction and reduced libido. Not only that, male obesity can have a negative impact on the offspring’s health. A balanced diet and regular exercise can help in reducing weight and also help in improving reproductive outcomes.  

  1. Smoking and Male Fertility: 

Smoking can adversely affect sperm concentration, motility, and sperm DNA. It can also decrease the success rate of fertility treatments and increase the risk of miscarriage. It is always better to quit smoking if one is planning to start a family. 

  1. Stress: 

Stress can affect sexual performance and can lead to erectile dysfunction and performance anxiety thereby negatively impacting the fertility potential. Pursuing a hobby, yoga, and relaxation exercises are some of the non-pharmacological ways to de-stress oneself.  

Advanced Male Infertility Procedures:

Many advanced treatments are available to help men overcome infertility. A holistic approach that allows for changes in diet, and lifestyle can come a long way in achieving fatherhood. Some of the advanced procedures are: 

  1. Hormonal treatment 
  1. ICSI 
  1. Varicocelectomy 
  1. Microfluidics 
  1. MACS 
  1. TESA 
  1. Micro-TESE 

Based on the condition, personalized treatments are provided that enable even men with low sperm count to attain the joy of having a biological child. Say bye-bye to your fears and seek the assistance of a fertility specialist if you face infertility issues and are unable to conceive even after a year!

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