Test for Anti-Sperm Antibodies

Definition of Anti-sperm Antibody Test

An anti-sperm antibody test ascertains the presence of proteins that fight against the individual’s sperm. These are present in the blood, vaginal fluids or semen. Using a sample of the semen from the male partner, a fertility expert will add a binding agent that binds only to the affected sperm.

The antibodies can damage or kill sperm. And a large number of sperm antibodies come into contact with a man’s sperm, and it may be hard for the sperm to fertilize an egg. This condition is known as immunologic infertility.

The results of anti-sperm antibody tests usually take about 24 to 36 hours to be confirmed.

The reason to get tested for anti-sperm antibodies is that it helps couples understand unknown causes of infertility. Additionally, it also helps understand the abnormalities associated with the reproductive organs that may cause infertility. Individuals with injuries or trauma associated with the testicular region or a surgical procedure in the area, such as a biopsy or a vasectomy, must undergo this particular test. Those with prostate gland infection, testicular cancers, and women who have an allergic reaction to semen may also be required to undergo this test.

There are no specific or unique requirements associated with an anti-sperm antibody test. An individual can deposit a sperm sample in a sterile specimen cup at the clinic, and it is advisable to abstain from ejaculation 48-72 hours before the specimen collection.

The result of an anti-sperm antibody test is measured in terms of the quantity of antibodies present per ml of the semen sample. Anything between 00 to 60u/ml of antibodies is considered normal, while anything above 60u/ml may indicate a malfunction.

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