Teratozoospermia is a condition where there is an increase in abnormal sperms in a man’s semen. When the concentration of sperm with abnormal morphology exceeds 96% of the semen sample, Teratozoospermia is diagnosed. As the abnormal sperms become unable to fertilize the egg, the condition directly affects fertility.
The sperm quality of a man can be affected by the following
- Testicular issues
- Seminal infections
- Exposure to toxins
- Abuse of alcohol or drugs
- Cancer and cancer treatment
- Exposure to heat
- Febrile episodes
Teratozoospermia is diagnosed through a semen analysis test. According to the WHO, there must be at least 4% sperms with a normal morphology for the sample to be considered normal. Kruger parameters dictate that is 4 to 15 % of the sperms are normal, the sample has moderate Teratozoospermia. If the sample has less than 4% normal sperms, it indicates severe Teratozoospermia.
- Lifestyle changes
Some lifestyle changes can reverse Teratozoospermia.
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Limiting the use of alcohol
- Reducing the use of cell phones
- Regular exercise
- Avoiding the use of tobacco
The fertility expert may prescribe supplements like selenium and vitamin E to improve sperm morphology.
- Artificial insemination, IVF and ICSI
Sperm sample may be used to create a pregnancy using ART methods like artificial insemination, IVF or ICSI.